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Little Miss Sunshine《阳光小美女》(精讲之四)
[ 2007-05-28 18:16 ]

影片对白  Look, there's no sense in entering a contest if you don't think you're gonna win. So do you think you can win Little Miss Sunshine?



Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche尼采

电影中,Dwayne 因为尼采而缄口不言,这位哲学家又什么魅力呢?下面我们就来认识一下尼采。

Little Miss Sunshine《阳光小美女》(精讲之四)German-Swiss philosopher and writer, one of the most influential of modern thinkers. The son of a Lutheran pastor, he studied at Bonn and Leipzig and at age 24 became professor of Classical philology at the University of Basel. He became close to the older Richard Wagner, in whose operas he saw the potential for the revival of Western civilization, but broke with Wagner angrily in 1876. His Birth of Tragedy (1872) contained major insights into ancient Greek drama; like Untimely Meditations (1873), it is dominated by a Romantic perspective also influenced by Arthur Schopenhauer. Mental and physical problems forced him to leave his position in 1878, and he spent 10 years attempting to recover his health in various resorts while continuing to write prolifically. His works from Human, All Too Human (1878) to The Gay Science (1882) extol reason and science, experiment with literary genres, and express his emancipation from his earlier Romanticism. His mature writings, particularly Beyond Good and Evil (1886), A Genealogy of Morals (1887), and Thus Spake Zarathustra (1883 - 92), were preoccupied with the origin and function of values in human life. If, as he believed, life neither possesses nor lacks intrinsic value and yet is always being evaluated, then such evaluations can usefully be read as symptoms of the evaluator's condition. He fulminated against Christianity and announced the death of God. His major breakdown in 1889 marked the virtual end of his productive life. He was revered by Adolf Hitler for his dislike of democracy and his heroic ideal of the ?bermensch (Superman), though the Nazis perverted Nietzsche's thought and ignored much in it that was hostile to their aims. His analyses of the root motives and values that underlie traditional Western religion, morality, and philosophy affected generations of theologians, philosophers, psychologists, poets, novelists, and playwrights.


全家人终于决定一起陪Olive 去参加比赛:为了节省开支,爸爸勉强同意开车;为了防止Frank 再次轻生,妈妈坚持要带他一起去;爷爷坚持也要去,因为是他在"训练"Olive,沉默的哥哥虽然不屑参加这样的活动,但为了能考飞行学院还是答应去给妹妹鼓劲。而当大家都决定上路后,爸爸把Olive 来过来,问她有没有信心赢得比赛,本来是想女儿会说没有信心、就不必去了,没有想到的是女儿在爸爸"成功学"的影响下,坚信自己会赢。当爸爸拥抱女儿时那无奈的表情真是让人哭笑不得。



Little Miss Sunshine《阳光小美女》(精讲之三)考考你 参考答案

1) Richard: Finish your dinner! 把饭吃完了!
Olive: I'm finished! 我吃完了!

2) Sheryl: Where does that leave us? 那我们该怎么办?

3) Richard: What about Olive? Olive 怎么办?

4) Richard: You promised? 你答应了?

5) Richard: Don't start that. 别再提那个了。
Sheryl: It all goes to your nine steps! 这不正是你的九步成功法么?

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