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西藏历史性消除绝对贫困

中国日报网 2020-10-16 11:34

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10月15日,国务院新闻办公室在西藏自治区拉萨市举行新闻发布会,请中共西藏自治区委员会书记吴英杰,中共西藏自治区委员会副书记、西藏自治区人民政府主席齐扎拉介绍深入贯彻新时代党的治藏方略,西藏历史性消除绝对贫困有关情况。

西藏山南一家幼儿园的小朋友(图片来源:中国日报)

 

Tibet Autonomous Region has accomplished the historical feat of eradicating absolute poverty, according to a press briefing held in the regional capital of Lhasa Thursday. By the end of 2019, Tibet had lifted 628,000 people out of poverty and delisted 74 county-level areas from the poverty list, said Wu Yingjie, Communist Party of China chief of Tibet.
西藏自治区委员会书记吴英杰在发布会上表示,截至2019年底,西藏74个贫困县全部摘帽,62.8万建档立卡贫困人口全部脱贫,历史性消除绝对贫困。

【知识点】

脱贫攻坚中经常提到的四类重点人群是:建档立卡贫困户(households registered as living under the poverty line)、低保户(people eligible for subsistence allowances)、农村分散供养特困人员(individuals who live at home in rural areas in extreme poverty and receive basic assistance)和贫困残疾人家庭(the families of people with disabilities affected by poverty)。


西藏是全国“三区三州”深度贫困地区中唯一的省级集中连片特困地区(the only contiguous poor area at the provincial level),是脱贫攻坚之初全国贫困发生率最高(the highest poverty headcount ratio)、贫困程度最深、扶贫成本最高、脱贫难度最大的区域。

为此,党中央制定特殊优惠政策,西藏各族干部群众奋发有为,改变了雪域高原千百年来贫穷落后的面貌。

Since 2016, Tibet has spent 74.8 billion yuan of agriculture-related funds in poverty alleviation, with an average annual increase of over 15 percent, Wu said.
2016年以来,西藏累计统筹整合涉农资金748亿元用于脱贫攻坚,年均增幅超过15%。

 

Since 2016, a total of 39.89 billion yuan has been invested in 2,984 poverty alleviation projects, which helped lift more than 238,000 impoverished people out of poverty and benefited more than 840,000 people, according to Wu.
2016年以来,西藏累计投入398.9亿元,实施产业扶贫项目2984个,带动23.8万贫困人口脱贫,受益群众超过84万人。

 

To date, the construction of 965 relocation sites has been completed, and 266,000 people have moved into new houses.
截至目前,已建成965个易地扶贫搬迁安置区(点),26.6万人搬迁入住。


经第三方评估,西藏脱贫攻坚群众满意度达99%以上。

 

消除绝对贫困后,西藏脱贫攻坚将全面转入巩固提升阶段(consolidate poverty alleviation achievements)。

 

易地搬迁和职业培训坚持群众自愿

Qizhala, chairman of the regional government of Tibet, told the press briefing that there are no forced vocational education and ensuing employment transfers for local farmers and herders.
西藏自治区主席齐扎拉表示,不存在强迫当地农牧民参与职业培训和转移就业的问题。

 

With Tibet eliminating absolute poverty and a spate of preferential policies implemented to benefit the people, residents have strong desires to work outside their hometowns and to learn skills. The government answers their desires and demands, Qizhala said.
随着西藏消除绝对贫困并实施一系列惠民政策,老百姓有强烈的愿望外出打工,老百姓有强烈的愿望想去学技术,而且政府顺应了他的愿望和需求。


Vocational education and skills training are popular among local farmers and herders, with them earning a larger proportion of their incomes with skills, said the chairman.
职业教育和技术培训在农牧民当中很受欢迎,劳动力收入中有技术含量的收入比重在不断提高。


Local farmers and herders can choose to work within Tibet or in neighboring or other regions, making employment choices of their own free will, Qizhala said.
当地农牧民可以选择在西藏就业,也可以去临近或其他地区就业,就业选择自主决定。

 

【相关词汇】

“两不愁三保障”:农村贫困人口不愁吃、不愁穿,义务教育、基本医疗、住房安全有保障
Rural poor people are free from worries over food and clothing and have access to compulsory education, basic medical services and safe housing.

现行标准下的农村贫困人口全部脱贫
lift all rural residents living below the current poverty line out of poverty

贫困发生率
poverty headcount ratio

贫困线
poverty threshold/poverty line/poverty limit

易地扶贫搬迁
relocating the poor

扶贫基金
poverty alleviation funds

开发式扶贫
development-orientated poverty reduction


参考来源:新华网

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