Step 1: Listen to all announcements on the PA and follow all directions given by the train driver, even if they contradict the instructions in this article - they know best.
Step 2: Alert the driver and/or train control by using any emergency alarms or intercoms that you can see.
Step 3: Move to the next car back (or away from danger) if possible. If you are at the end of a bilevel train, exit through the end of the train from the top level.
Step 4: If it is not possible to move farther away from danger, exit downwards and operate emergency exits on this level.
Step 5: Look for an emergency exit or emergency door release switch.
Step 6: If you cannot open the doors, look for an emergency exit window. Train windows are typically made with impact resistant glass: Don't count on being able to break the window without a fire axe or sledge hammer.
Step 7: Escape the train immediately and stay well clear. Be aware that if the train you are on is also carrying dangerous or combustible materials, you will need to avoid these as you make your escape.
Step 8: Stay well clear of train tracks and do not walk on them to find the nearest station, as trains can approach without warning.
Step 9: Once you are out of danger, call the emergency services.
Step 10: Should you have to evacuate the train in a tunnel, be sure to take extra care to avoid injury.
To help increase you and your fellow passengers' chance of survival in a train disaster, follow these guidelines:
Keep aisles clear of any suitcases, bags or other items that might hinder escape in an emergency.
Stow suitcases and bags securely to prevent them from becoming deadly missiles in a crash.
When boarding the train, look for your shortest escape route and familiarize yourself with safety features such as an emergency alarm or intercom.