BBC Learning English 英语教学

 

一分钟英语

 

如何区分 say 和 tell?

 

内容简介

“Say” 和 “tell” 都有 “说” 的意思。虽然它们都可以用来引导说话的内容,但用法却不同。“Say” 的后面可以直接加说话的具体内容或经过转述的内容;“tell” 的后面可以直接加人称代词的宾格,再接说话的内容。看视频,学习如何正确使用这对近义词。

文字稿

Hi, I'm Sian, and I have something to say about the verbs say and tell

With tell, we usually say who is spoken to. So, we use tell with a direct personal object, like 'you', 'him', 'her'.

"I love English grammar!" Phil told me that he loves English grammar. So, remember to include who is spoken to. 

So, don't say 'Phil told I love English grammar.' Say 'Phil told me...' or 'Phil told us that he loves English grammar.'

With the verb say, we don't normally include who is spoken to. We say something.

And you could also use the direct words someone says."I love teaching English." Phil said "I love teaching English".

So, remember, in general, we tell someone something, but we say something. 

用法总结

1. 动词 “say” 的意思是 “说,讲”,过去式是 “said”。“Say” 的后面通常不加人称代词,直接加某人的说话内容或经转述的内容,即直接引语或间接引语。注意,如果 “say” 后面跟直接引语,需要使用引号标注引语部分。

say + (that) 讲话内容

Phil said "I love teaching English".

Phil said he loves teaching English.

2. 动词 “tell” 的意思是 “告诉,说”,过去式是 “told”。“Tell” 的后面加告知对象的人称代词宾格,如 “me”、“us”、“him” 或 “her”。这些人称代词在句子中作 “tell” 的间接宾语。

tell + 人称代词宾格 + (that) 讲话内容

Phil told me that he loves English grammar.

Tell her the truth.

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