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揭晓:农药残留最多和最少的果蔬分别是…… These fruits and vegetables rank highest in pesticide residue

中国日报网 2022-04-21 08:30






The Environmental Working Group (EWG) recently released its annual Shopper’s Guide to Pesticides in Produce, which includes two lists: the “Dirty Dozen” and the “Clean Fifteen,” which rank which types of fruits and vegetables have the highest and lowest levels of pesticide residue, respectively.



The EWG’s Dirty Dozen is a list of nonorganic foods with the most pesticide residues. The EWG analyzes recent testing samples from the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) Pesticide Data Program (PDP) and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). For realistic consumer data, the USDA washes, scrubs and peels (if necessary) fruits and vegetables, just as people normally would, and then tests for pesticides.



The EWG found that 99% of strawberry samples (most recently tested in 2015-16) had detectable residues of at least one pesticide, earning the fruit the No. 1 spot. In addition, this year, the group found bell and hot peppers contained more pesticide residue than in the past, moving them up from 12th place to 7th place. The EWG also found that conventional spinach had on average 1.8 times as much pesticide residue by weight as other tested crops, and kale, collard and mustard greens had the most pesticides detected in total.




1 Strawberries 草莓

2 Spinach 菠菜

3 Kale, collard & mustard greens 羽衣甘蓝和芥菜

4 Nectarines 油桃

5 Apples 苹果

6 Grapes 葡萄

7 Bell & hot peppers 柿子椒和辣椒

8 Cherries 樱桃

9 Peaches 桃子

10 Pears 梨

11 Celery 芹菜

12 Tomatoes 西红柿


Which fruits and vegetables have the lowest levels of pesticides?



Opposite the Dirty Dozen is EWG’s Clean Fifteen — a list of fruits and vegetables with the lowest amount of pesticide residue, with about 70% of samples having no detectable amounts. Notably, many of these foods have an outer layer that you typically remove before consuming.




1 Avocados 牛油果

2 Sweet corn 甜玉米

3 Pineapple 菠萝

4 Onions 洋葱

5 Papaya 木瓜

6 Sweet peas (frozen) 甜豌豆(冷冻)

7 Asparagus 芦笋

8 Honeydew melon 蜜瓜

9 Kiwi 猕猴桃

10 Cabbage 卷心菜

11 Mushrooms 蘑菇

12 Cantaloupe 哈密瓜

13 Mangoes 芒果

14 Watermelon 西瓜

15 Sweet potatoes 红薯


Shauna Henley, PhD, family and consumer sciences senior agent at the University of Maryland Extension, tells Yahoo Life that the best way to wash produce depends on its surface. Use a produce brush on rough surfaces like melons; rub smooth surfaces like apples with your hands; and try a colander or salad spinner for leafy greens, making sure to throw away the outer leaves first. Or try a baking soda solution: A 2017 study found that soaking apples in a mixture of baking soda and water for 12 to 15 minutes removed pesticide residue.





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