您现在的位置: > Language Tips > Audio & Video > Special Speed News  
 





 
Moving away from rural life puts pressure on cities
[ 2007-01-15 09:14 ]

Fifty years ago, most people lived in rural areas. But the world has changed. By some point next year, more than half of all people will live in cities, for the first time in history. So says the most recent estimate from the United Nations.

City life is not always a bad thing, but many experts worry about this process of urbanization. A new report from the Worldwatch Institute says it is having a huge effect on human health and the quality of the environment. The environmental research group in Washington released its 2007 "State of the World" report last week.

Of the three billion people who live in cities now, the report says, about one billion live in unplanned settlements. These are areas of poverty, slums, that generally lack basic services like clean water, or even permanent housing.

The report says more than 60 million people are added to cities and surrounding areas each year, mostly in slums in developing countries.

Molly O'Meara Sheehan led the Worldwatch report. She says the international community has been too slow to recognize the growth of urban poverty. Policymakers, she says, need to increase investments in education, health care and other areas.

The report talks about some successful efforts by local governments and community groups. For example, it says Freetown, Sierra Leone, has established farming within the city limits to meet much of its growing food demands. In Colombia, engineers have created a bus system in Bogota that the report says has helped reduce air pollution and improve quality of life.

Olav Kjorven heads the Environment and Energy Group at the United Nations Development Program. He agrees that the link between urban poverty and the environment is serious. But he says governments also need to consider why people are moving out of rural areas. Climate change, drought, floods -- there are many reasons forcing people to leave, he says.

Olav Kjorven says the two issues of poverty reduction and the environment have existed side by side, but rarely have they connected -- until now. He says governments are starting to understand that environmental collapse is not a natural cost of economic development. Instead, he says, it is hurting the possibility for growth.

And that's the VOA Special English Development Report, written by Jill Moss. You can learn more about development issues at www.unsv.com.

poverty reduction : 减贫

点击进入更多VOA慢速


(来源:VOA  英语点津姗姗编辑)

 
 
相关文章 Related Stories
 
World Environment Day(世界环境日)
         
 
 
 
 
 
         

 

 

 
 
  有声词典
 

48小时内最热门

     

本频道最新推荐

     
  Drug resistance fades quickly in key AIDS drug
  You took my heart away(读者佳作)
  《绝望主妇》1(精讲之九)
  US had fewer students last year from India, Japan
  Angry US lawmakers criticize Bush war plan

论坛热贴

     
  周星驰的一句台词再译(c-e)
  “不像话”英语怎么说?
  日常口语趣味翻译(It's fun!)
  how to say "彩铃" in English?
  形容一个人吝啬的十句话
  翻译:老乡见老乡,两眼泪汪汪