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Third Great Migration might be in progress

[ 2011-07-12 14:38]     字号 [] [] []  
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Third Great Migration might be in progress

In the early 20th Century, more than two million African-Americans left their homes and small farms in the South and moved to northern industrial cities to escape overt racism and search for better work and happier lives.

One-half of the large African-American population left Beaufort County, South Carolina, for example, and headed north.

The massive exodus came to be called "The Great Migration," and a second one followed in the years after World War II.

Third Great Migration might be in progress

By 1970, when census-takers found that 80 percent of African-Americans lived in big cities, black America had become an overwhelmingly urban population.

Now there's a massive reverse migration of blacks back to what the USA Today newspaper calls "their Southern roots." Between 2000 and 2010, for instance, Florida's African-American population grew by 587,000, Georgia's by 579,000, and North Carolina's by 297,000.

"It's all about quality of life," Mike Morton told USA Today. The retired corrections officer, left New York City for the small town of Palm Coast, Florida. "When I visit New York now, it's culture shock. I don't hear car horns down here. As soon as you get to New York, you're hearing thousands of them."

The 2010 US Census found that 57 percent of American blacks now live in southern states. That's the highest percentage in half a century.

Third Great Migration might be in progress

Some African-Americans tell interviewers that they moved back - or to the South for the first time - for warmer weather, to distance themselves from high urban crime, to reunite with southern relatives or to take advantage of lower home prices and taxes.

But others say they regret the move. Too many retirees about, they say. Not enough job opportunities, public transportation, or cultural attractions that appeal to them.

The next decennial census in 2020 should tell us whether the influx of African-Americans into the South will be large enough to be considered a third Great Migration.

exodus: a situation in which many people leave a place at the same time(大批人同时)离开,外出,出去

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(来源:VOA 编辑:崔旭燕)