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国务委员兼外交部长王毅记者会文字实录(双语全文)

外交部官网 2021-03-09 13:46

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2021年3月7日,十三届全国人大四次会议在人民大会堂举行视频记者会,国务委员兼外交部长王毅就中国外交政策和对外关系回答中外记者提问。

2021年3月7日,十三届全国人大四次会议在人民大会堂举行视频记者会,国务委员兼外交部长王毅就中国外交政策和对外关系回答中外记者提问。(图片来源:新华网)

 

王毅:各位记者朋友,大家好!今年的记者会仍然是一场以视频方式同大家见面的特殊记者会。中国虽然已经有效控制住疫情,但还有不少国家仍在同病毒奋勇抗争。只要还有一个国家存在疫情,国际社会团结抗疫的努力就不应停止;只要还有一个人感染病毒,我们就都有责任及时伸出援手。团结就是力量,坚持就是胜利,曙光已在前头。中国将会继续与各国团结合作,为人类彻底战胜疫情而不懈努力。下面,我愿回答大家的提问。
Wang Yi: Friends from the media, good afternoon. This year, we are again having a special press conference via video link. While COVID-19 has been effectively contained in China, many countries are still battling the coronavirus. The global fight against COVID-19 must not stop until the virus gets eliminated in each and every country. Everyone is obligated to help those in need even when there is only one case of infection left. Solidarity means strength, and perseverance means victory. There is already light at the end of the tunnel. China will continue to cooperate with other countries in solidarity and work tirelessly for humanity's final victory against this pandemic. On this note, I'm ready to take your questions.

 


中央广播电视总台央视记者:您如何评价过去一年的中国外交?今年中国外交有哪些重点和亮点?
China Central Television: How would you describe China's diplomacy over the past year? What diplomatic priorities and highlights could we expect to see this year?


王毅:2020年,中国与世界各国一道,共同走过了极不平凡的历程。在以习近平同志为核心的党中央坚强领导下,中国外交为国家担当,为人民负重,对世界尽责,全力应对前所未有的挑战,积极发挥中国应有的作用。
Wang Yi: The year 2020 has been a most extraordinary journey for China and the whole world. Under the strong leadership of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core, China's diplomatic service readily fulfilled its responsibilities to the country, the people and the world, by rising to the unprecedented challenges and playing a role befitting China's status.


一年来,最精彩的是元首外交。习近平主席以“云外交”的创新方式,同各国领导人共商合作大计,展现了大国领袖的世界情怀,也为国际社会团结抗疫指明了方向,注入了动力。
Among China's diplomatic endeavors over the last year, the most outstanding is head-of-state diplomacy. Through a creative means of "cloud diplomacy", President Xi Jinping explored cooperation opportunities with other world leaders, demonstrating the global vision of the leader of a major country and giving both direction and momentum to the international fight against COVID-19.


一年来,最坚定的是捍卫国家利益。我们坚决反对世界上的霸权霸道霸凌,坚决顶回对中国内政的无理干涉。中国的主权不容侵犯,中华民族的尊严不容诋毁,中国人民的正当权利必须维护。
Over the last year, the most resolute is our determination to defend national interests. We stood firm against hegemony, highhandedness and bullying, and rejected outright interference in China's domestic affairs. China's sovereignty is not to be infringed upon, and the dignity of the Chinese nation is not to be trifled with. The legitimate rights of the Chinese people shall be upheld.


一年来,投入精力最大的是抗疫外交。我们为国内抗疫尽心尽责,同国际社会守望相助,开展了新中国成立以来规模最大的紧急人道主义行动,为全球抗疫做出了中国贡献。
Over the last year, the most demanding is the fight against COVID-19 on the diplomatic front. We did our utmost to facilitate the domestic COVID response and stood with the rest of the world in a joint fight, carrying out the largest emergency humanitarian operations since the founding of New China and making China's contribution to the global response.


一年来,最牵挂的是海外同胞的安危。疫情之下,我们及时向有需要的海外公民伸出援手,全力以赴提供保护救助,把外交为民扛在肩上,落到实处。
Over the last year, the most concerning is the safety of Chinese nationals abroad. In the face of COVID-19, we provided timely assistance to Chinese nationals overseas and did whatever we could to protect and help them. We have thus lived up to our responsibility and put into practice the principle of serving the people through diplomacy.


一年来,最关注的是把握全球治理的方向。面对单边主义肆虐,中国旗帜鲜明予以抵制,以实际行动践行多边主义,维护国际关系准则。针对保护主义抬头,我们身体力行扩大开放,发挥中国超大型市场优势,为各国提供更多发展机遇。
Over the last year, one biggest priority is advancing global governance in the right direction. China was unequivocal about countering the surge in unilateralism, and upheld multilateralism and norms governing international relations with concrete actions. In response to mounting protectionism, we committed ourselves to greater openness and harnessed the strengths of China's enormous market to provide more development opportunities to the world.


对中国而言,2021年是具有划时代意义的一年。我们将迎来中国共产党百年华诞,中国外交也将开启新的征程。
For China, 2021 will be a year of epoch-making significance. We will celebrate the centenary of the CPC, and start a new journey in China's diplomacy.


我们将牢记党和国家重托,积极发展同各国的友好关系,不断增进中国同世界的相互理解,继续为中华民族伟大复兴营造良好外部环境。
We will keep in mind what the Party and the nation expect of us. We will develop friendly relations with all countries, enhance mutual understanding between China and the world, and continue to foster a favorable external environment for the great renewal of the Chinese nation.


我们将心怀“国之大者”,积极维护和拓展中国发展的重要战略机遇期,通过全力服务“十四五”规划开局起步,促进国内国际双循环,为构建新发展格局贡献力量。
We will focus on the country's top priorities. We will preserve and extend the period of important strategic opportunity for China's development, work all-out for a good start of the 14th Five-Year Plan, facilitate the domestic and international circulations, and contribute to the new development paradigm.


我们将着眼后疫情时代,积极开展国际抗疫合作,建设人类卫生健康共同体。推进高质量共建“一带一路”,助力世界经济早日复苏,共同应对气候变化等全球挑战。
We will set our eyes on the post-COVID era. We will promote international cooperation against COVID-19 and work for a global community of health for all. We will advance high-quality Belt and Road cooperation, facilitate an early recovery of the world economy, and strengthen the global response to climate change and other global challenges.


我们将顺应历史潮流,积极推动建设新型国际关系,弘扬和平、发展、公平、正义、民主、自由的全人类共同价值,同各国携手构建人类命运共同体。
We will follow the trend of history. We will promote a new type of international relations, advocate peace, development, equity, justice, democracy and freedom as the common values of humanity, and work with other countries for a community with a shared future for mankind.


今年是中国的牛年,牛象征着坚韧,代表着力量。新的一年,元首外交将继续领航定向,中国外交将谱写更精彩篇章。一个重情义、有定力、讲原则、敢担当的中国,必将为世界传递更多温暖与希望,为各国共同发展注入更多信心和力量。
This year is the Year of the Ox in the Chinese zodiac, and ox symbolizes perseverance and strength. In the year ahead, with head-of-state diplomacy setting the direction, China's diplomacy will create a more splendid chapter. A compassionate, committed and responsible China that stands by principles will bring more warmth and hope to the world and lend more confidence and strength to the pursuit of development for all.

 

塔斯社记者:中俄是全面战略协作伙伴。疫情如何影响了俄中关系?
TASS: China and Russia are comprehensive strategic partners of coordination. What's the impact of the pandemic on Russia-China relations?


王毅:面对世纪疫情,中俄肩并肩站在一起,背靠背紧密合作,携手抵御新冠病毒,共同抗击“政治病毒”。“中俄组合”团结如山,始终是世界和平稳定的中流砥柱。
Wang Yi: In the face of the once-in-a-century pandemic, China and Russia have stood shoulder to shoulder and worked closely to combat both the coronavirus and the "political virus". China and Russia standing together will remain a pillar of world peace and stability.


世界越是动荡不宁,中俄合作越要坚定前行。两国要互为战略依托,互为发展机遇,互为全球伙伴,这既是历史的经验,也是时代的要求。
The more unstable the world is, the greater the need for carrying forward China-Russia cooperation. China and Russia should be each other's strategic support, development opportunity, and global partner. This is both an experience gained from history and an imperative under the current circumstances.


今年是《中俄睦邻友好合作条约》签署20周年。双方已商定将条约延期,并赋予其新的时代内涵。这是中俄关系的里程碑,更是新起点。双方将弘扬世代友好、合作共赢的条约精神,继往开来,推陈出新,在更大范围、更宽领域、更深层次上推进中俄新时代全面战略协作伙伴关系。
This year marks the 20th anniversary of the Treaty of Good-neighborliness and Friendly Cooperation between China and Russia. Our two countries have agreed to renew the Treaty and make it more relevant in the new era. This is a milestone in China-Russia relations and, more importantly, a new starting point for us. The two sides will carry forward the spirit of everlasting friendship and win-win cooperation embodied by the Treaty, keep up the momentum, generate new dynamism and further expand, broaden and deepen the China-Russia comprehensive strategic partnership of coordination for a new era.


我们将打造战略互信的典范,坚定支持对方维护核心重大利益,联手反对“颜色革命”,打击各种虚假信息,维护各自主权和政权安全。
We will set an example of strategic mutual trust, by firmly supporting each other in upholding core and major interests, jointly opposing "color revolution" and countering disinformation, and safeguarding national sovereignty and political security.


我们将打造互利合作的典范,深化“一带一路”和欧亚经济联盟对接,推动经贸投资合作提质升级,拓展科技创新、数字经济等新兴领域合作。
We will set an example of mutually beneficial cooperation, by further synergizing the Belt and Road Initiative and the Eurasian Economic Union, upgrading trade and economic investment and cooperation, and expanding collaboration in innovation, digital economy and other emerging sectors.


我们将打造民心相通的典范,弘扬传统友好,促进人文交流,让中俄友谊薪火相传。
We will set an example of people-to-people connectivity, by preserving the longstanding friendship, promoting cultural exchanges and carrying forward the friendly ties from generation to generation.


我们还将打造公平正义的典范,携手维护多边主义,维护联合国权威,维护国际法和国际关系基本准则,维护全球战略稳定。
We will also set an example of equity and justice, by jointly upholding multilateralism, the authority of the UN, international law and basic norms governing international relations, and global strategic stability.

 

 

《人民日报》记者:您曾经强调,党的领导是中国外交的灵魂。今年是中国共产党成立100周年。该如何理解党领导外交的深刻含义?
People's Daily: You underscored the CPC leadership as the soul of China's diplomacy. As we mark the 100th anniversary of the CPC, how should we understand the significance of the CPC leadership of China's diplomacy?


王毅:中国外交是党领导下的人民外交事业。中国共产党是中国人民的主心骨,也是中国外交的定盘星。
Wang Yi: China's diplomacy is conducted under the CPC leadership for the benefit of our people. The CPC is the backbone of the Chinese people and the anchor of China's diplomacy.


为人民谋幸福、为民族谋复兴,党的这一初心使命决定了中国外交要履行的责任与担当。珍视独立自主、弘扬公平正义,党的这些价值追求决定了中国外交要秉持的基本原则。坚持和平发展,谋求合作共赢,推动构建人类命运共同体,既是党章和宪法的规定,也是中国外交要努力的道路和方向。
The pursuit of happiness for the people and of great renewal of the nation is the original aspiration of the Party. It determines the responsibilities and duties of China's diplomacy. Cherishing independence and upholding equity and justice are values that our Party holds dear. They determine the basic principles that China's diplomacy must uphold. To pursue peaceful development and win-win cooperation and promote the building of a community with a shared future for mankind is a provision in the Constitution of the CPC and the Constitution of the PRC. It is also the goal of China's diplomacy.


外交工作的重大决策和成就,都得益于党中央的统揽全局、运筹帷幄。特别是党的十八大以来,习近平总书记以宽广的全球视野、从容的战略定力、坚毅的责任担当,创新外交理论实践,擘画外交发展蓝图,带领中国始终站在历史前进的正确方向。
The major decisions and achievements in China's diplomacy are all attributable to the coordination and leadership of the CPC Central Committee. In particular, since the 18th National Congress of the CPC, General Secretary Xi Jinping, with his global vision, strategic commitment and a great sense of responsibility, has broken new ground in diplomatic theory and practice, and drawn the blueprint for China's diplomacy. Under his stewardship, China has all along moved on the right course of the historical trend.


千秋伟业,百年只是序章,未来必将可期。实践已经证明,党的领导是中国外交最大的政治优势,是中国外交事业不断走向胜利的根本保障。我们将一如既往坚持党对外交工作的领导,全面贯彻习近平外交思想,用党的光荣传统砥砺外交风骨,用党的历史经验启迪外交智慧,不断开创中国特色大国外交的新局面。
The 100th anniversary is just a prelude to the CPC's long-lasting cause, and the best is still ahead of us. It has been proven that the Party's leadership is the biggest political advantage of China's diplomacy and the fundamental safeguard for continued victory in China's diplomatic endeavors. We will continue to uphold the Party's leadership of diplomatic work, fully implement Xi Jinping Thought on Diplomacy, steel the spine of China's diplomacy with the Party's fine traditions, seek inspirations from the Party's history and experience, and keep breaking new ground in China's distinctive major-country diplomacy.

 

 

埃及中东通讯社记者:今年中非将在塞内加尔举办新一届合作论坛。中方将如何帮助非洲国家应对疫情?中方对深化中非合作有何设想?
Middle East News Agency: The next session of FOCAC will be held in Senegal this year. How will China help African countries respond to COVID-19? And what is China going to do in order to further upgrade China-Africa cooperation?


王毅:中非之间的深厚友谊是在追求国家独立、民族解放的艰苦斗争中形成的,双方既是战友,又是兄弟。这份情义坚如磐石,历久弥坚,中非永远是命运与共的好朋友、好伙伴。去年是中非合作论坛成立20周年。20年来,中非相继制订实施“十大合作计划”“八大行动”,双方贸易额增长了20倍,中国对非直接投资增长了100倍,友城总数达到150对。中非合作已成为南南合作的样板、国际对非合作的表率。
Wang Yi: China and Africa enjoy a profound friendship forged during the struggle for national independence and liberation. We are comrades-in-arms as well as brothers and sisters. This bond of friendship is growing ever stronger as time goes by. China and Africa are perpetual good friends and good partners with a shared future.We celebrated the 20th anniversary of FOCAC last year. Over the past two decades, we have formulated and implemented ten cooperation plans and eight major initiatives to promote China-Africa cooperation. Our two-way trade has increased 20 times, and China's direct investment in Africa has grown 100 times. There are now 150 pairs of sister cities between China and Africa. China-Africa cooperation stands as a model of South-South cooperation, and a fine example of international cooperation with Africa.


当前,帮助非洲各国抗击疫情、复苏经济是中非合作的重中之重。去年,习近平主席倡导主持中非团结抗疫特别峰会,宣布了一系列新的援非举措。迄今中方已向非洲提供近120批紧急抗疫物资,向15个国家派出抗疫医疗专家组,已经并将向35个非洲国家及非盟委员会提供疫苗,中方援建的非洲疾控中心总部大楼项目已正式开工,30个中非对口医院合作机制正抓紧推进。今年,我们将在塞内加尔举行新一届论坛,我们愿以此为契机,支持非洲彻底战胜疫情,强化公共卫生治理体系;支持非洲加快工业化建设,提高自主发展能力;支持非洲加快一体化进程,融入经济全球化时代潮流;支持非洲政治解决热点问题,维护非洲大陆的和平稳定。中非高质量共建“一带一路”,携手构建更紧密命运共同体,将为非洲发展振兴提供源源不断动力。
To help African countries fight the pandemic and bring the economy back on track is a top priority for China-Africa cooperation at the current stage. Last year, President Xi Jinping initiated and hosted the Extraordinary China-Africa Summit on Solidarity against COVID-19, and announced a host of new support measures. We have provided close to 120 batches of emergency supplies to Africa and sent medical expert teams to 15 African countries. We have started to provide COVID vaccines to 35 African countries and the African Union Commission. The construction of the Africa CDC Headquarters, a project for which we are glad to provide assistance, has started, and cooperation between 30 pairs of Chinese and African hospitals is well underway.The FOCAC meeting to be held this year in Senegal will serve as another opportunity for advancing China-Africa cooperation. We will support Africa's efforts to defeat the virus and strengthen public health governance; to accelerate industrialization and build up capacity for self-generated development; to speed up African integration and embrace the trend of economic globalization; and to find political solutions to hotspot issues and maintain peace and stability on the continent. We will work with Africa to pursue high-quality Belt and Road cooperation and build an even stronger community with a shared future to drive Africa's development and revitalization.

 

 

香港中评社记者:全国人大将就完善香港特区选举制度作出决定,一些国家认为中方有关举动有违“一国两制”,中方对此有何评论?
China Review News Agency: China's NPC is expected to make a decision on the electoral system in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. Some foreign governments assert that this would violate One Country, Two Systems. What is China's response to the assertion?


王毅:首先我想强调的是,完善香港特区选举制度,落实“爱国者治港”,既是推进“一国两制”事业、保持香港长治久安的实际需要,也是宪法赋予全国人大的权力和责任,完全合宪合法,正当合理。
Wang Yi: First I want to make it clear: the move to improve Hong Kong's electoral system and ensure "patriots administering Hong Kong" is necessitated by the need to advance the One Country, Two Systems cause and maintain long-term stability in Hong Kong. It is a constitutional power and responsibility of the NPC, and is totally constitutional, lawful and justified.


放眼世界,无论在哪个国家,效忠自己的祖国都是公职人员以及竞选公职的人必须遵守的基本政治伦理。在香港也一样。香港是中国的特别行政区,是中华人民共和国的一部分。如果不爱国,谈何爱港。爱港和爱国是完全一致的。
Loyalty to the motherland is a basic political ethic of all public office holders and aspirants anywhere in the world. Hong Kong is no exception. Hong Kong is a special administrative region of China, a part of the People's Republic. How can we expect someone who does not love his motherland to truly love Hong Kong? Loving Hong Kong and loving the motherland are consistent requirements.


香港在殖民统治时期,没有任何民主可言。回归24年来,没有谁比中央政府更关心香港民主的发展,更希望香港保持繁荣稳定。香港由乱变治,完全符合各方利益,也将为维护香港居民的各项权利和外国投资者的合法利益提供更坚实的保障。我们有决心继续坚持“一国两制”、“港人治港”、高度自治,也有信心让香港的明天越来越好。
Under the colonial rule, there was no democracy to speak of in Hong Kong. Over the past 24 years since Hong Kong's return, no one has cared more about Hong Kong's democracy and continued prosperity and stability than the Central Government of China. Hong Kong's shift from chaos to stability fully serves the interests of all parties. It will provide stronger safeguards for protecting the rights and interests of Hong Kong residents and the lawful interests of foreign investors. We have the resolve to continue to implement One Country, Two Systems under which the people of Hong Kong administer Hong Kong with a high degree of autonomy. We also have the confidence to usher in a brighter future for Hong Kong.

 

 

美国全国广播公司记者:美国新一届政府关注南海、台湾、新疆、香港和西藏等议题。为了稳定中美关系,中方是否有可能在以上任一议题上作出让步?
NBC: The new US administration has concerns, from the South China Sea and Taiwan, to Xinjiang, Hong Kong and Tibet. To stabilize relations, do you think there is still room for China to probably consider concessions in any of these areas?


王毅:不干涉别国内政,是《联合国宪章》的明确规定,是国际关系的基本准则,包括中美在内,各国都应切实遵守。你刚才提到的很多问题,都是中国的内部事务。中国做得好不好,中国人民最有发言权;中国应该怎么做,中国人民才是主人翁。同时,我们愿在尊重国家主权前提下,与各方增信释疑,讲明事实真相。但我们绝不接受毫无根据的指责抹黑,绝不允许核心利益受到侵犯。长期以来,美国动辄打着所谓民主、人权旗号肆意干涉别国内政,在世界上制造了诸多麻烦,甚至成为动荡战乱的根源。美方应早日意识到这一点,否则这个世界仍将不得安宁。
Wang Yi: Non-interference in each other's internal affairs is an explicit principle in the Charter of the United Nations and a basic norm governing international relations. It must be faithfully observed by all countries, including China and the United States. The issues you referred to are mostly China's internal affairs. The Chinese people are in the best position to tell whether China is doing a good job. The Chinese people can best decide what is the right thing for China to do. In the meantime, we are willing to communicate with all sides on the basis of respect for sovereignty to enhance mutual trust, remove misunderstanding, and share relevant facts. But we will not accept groundless accusations or defamation, and we will not allow our core interests to be breached. For quite some time, the United States has been willfully interfering in other countries' internal affairs in the name of democracy and human rights. This has created lots of trouble in the world and, in some cases, turbulence and conflict. It is important that the United States recognize this as soon as possible. Otherwise, the world will remain far from being a tranquil place.


作为两个社会制度不同的国家,中美之间有分歧有矛盾在所难免,关键是要通过坦诚沟通加以有效管控,防止战略误判,避免冲突对抗。作为世界前两大经济体,中美之间在利益交融中出现竞争并不奇怪,关键是要在公平公正基础上良性竞争,既提升自我,又照亮对方,而不是相互攻击、零和博弈。更重要的是,无论从两国还是世界人民的共同利益出发,合作,都应当成为中美双方追求的主要目标。中美可以合作、需要合作的清单就放在我们面前,包括抗击疫情、经济复苏、气候变化等等,我们愿本着开放态度与美方探讨和深化合作。希望美方与中方相向而行,尽快解除迄今对中美合作设置的各种不合理限制,更不要再人为制造出新的障碍。
As two countries with different social systems, China and the United States naturally have differences and disagreements. What matters most is to manage them effectively through candid communication to prevent strategic miscalculation and avoid conflict and confrontation. China and the United States are the world's two largest economies. As our interests converge, the two countries may also see a competitive element in our relations. This is normal. What matters is that the two sides should advocate healthy competition on a fair and just basis for the purpose of self-improvement and mutual enhancement, rather than finger-pointing or zero-sum competition. More importantly, in the interest of the two countries and the whole world, cooperation should be the main goal for both China and the United States. The list of areas where the two countries can and should cooperate is very clear, including COVID response, economic recovery, climate change and many others. We are open-minded to explore and deepen cooperation with the United States. We hope that the United States will move in the same direction and remove all its unreasonable restrictions on bilateral cooperation as early as possible, not create new obstacles.


上个月中国农历除夕当天,习近平主席应约同拜登总统通了电话。两国元首就中美关系深入交换意见,为两国关系重回正轨明确了努力方向。我们愿与美方一道,全面落实这次重要通话的成果,共同推动中美关系“辞旧迎新”,实现健康稳定发展。
On the Chinese New Year's eve last month, President Xi Jinping had a phone call with President Joe Biden. The two heads of state had an in-depth exchange of views on China-US relations and pointed the way forward for bringing the relationship back on track. We are ready to work with the United States to follow through on the outcomes of this important phone call, and set China-US relations on a new path of healthy and steady growth.

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