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美国干预香港事务、支持反中乱港势力事实清单(双语全文)

外交部官网 2021-09-24 13:51

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美国干预香港事务、支持反中乱港势力事实清单
Fact Sheet: U.S. Interference in Hong Kong Affairs and Support for Anti-China, Destabilizing Forces


一、炮制涉港法案,抹黑中方对港政策,插手香港内部事务,大肆干涉中国内政。
I. Enacting Hong Kong-related Acts, vilifying China's policy on Hong Kong, meddling in Hong Kong affairs, and wantonly interfering in China's internal affairs


1、2019年11月27日,时任美国总统特朗普为显示对反中乱港势力支持、阻挠中国中央和香港特区政府止暴制乱、恢复秩序的努力,签署美国国会炮制的“香港人权与民主法案”和“禁止向香港警方出口相关弹药物项法案”。有关法案污蔑中国中央政府破坏香港高度自治,授权美总统对中方相关官员采取拒绝入境、冻结在美资产等制裁措施,并要求美国务卿每年提交香港事务报告,禁止美国向香港出口催泪瓦斯、胡椒喷雾、橡胶弹和电击枪等警用装备。
1. On 27 November 2019, in collusion with those who are opposed to China and attempt to destabilize Hong Kong and obstruct efforts of China's central government and the government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR) to stop violence and restore law and order, then U.S. President Donald Trump signed into law two bills passed by the U.S. Congress, i.e. the Hong Kong Human Rights and Democracy Act of 2019 and the Act to prohibit the commercial export of covered munitions items to the Hong Kong Police Force. These bills accuse China's central government of undermining the high degree of autonomy of Hong Kong, authorize the U.S. President to impose sanctions such as inadmissibility to the United States and asset blocking against relevant Chinese officials, require the U.S. Secretary of State to submit a report regarding Hong Kong affairs on a yearly basis, and prohibit U.S. exports of police equipment, such as tear gas, pepper spray, rubber bullets and stun guns, to Hong Kong.


2、2020年7月14日,时任美国总统特朗普签署“香港自治法案”。该法要求制裁所谓与中方违反涉港义务有关的外国个人或实体,以及同相关个人或实体进行重要交易的外国金融机构,并支持所谓受“迫害”香港居民入境美国。同日,特朗普签署13936号“关于香港正常化的总统行政令”,认定香港局势对美国家安全、外交政策和经济构成威胁,并据此宣布国家紧急状态,包括暂停和取消给予香港的特殊优惠待遇、授权对香港实体和个人实施制裁等。
2. On 14 July 2020, then U.S. President Trump signed into law the Hong Kong Autonomy Act, which requires the imposition of sanctions with respect to the foreign individuals or entities involved in the so-called erosion of certain obligations of China with respect to Hong Kong and foreign financial institutions that conduct significant transactions with those individuals or entities. It also supported permanent residents of Hong Kong who have been "persecuted" to enter the United States. On the same day, Trump signed the President's Executive Order 13936 on Hong Kong Normalization, which determined that the situation with respect to Hong Kong constitutes a threat to the national security, foreign policy and economy of the United States. He declared a national emergency on that basis, which included measures to suspend or eliminate the different and preferential treatment for Hong Kong, and to authorize sanctions against entities and individuals with respect to Hong Kong.


3、2021年2月18日,美国国会众议院外委会主席米克斯提出所谓“谴责中国和香港特别行政区继续侵犯香港民众权利自由的决议案”,污蔑抹黑中国中央政府和香港特区政府维护法治和社会秩序稳定、保护香港居民人身财产安全的努力,该案于4月19日获众议院全会审议通过。
3. On 18 February 2021, Gregory Meeks, Chairman of the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the U.S. House of Representatives introduced a resolution condemning the so-called "continued violation of rights and freedoms of the people of Hong Kong by the People's Republic of China (PRC) and the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region", which slandered the efforts made by China's central government and the HKSAR government to uphold the rule of law, maintain order and stability and protect the life, property and safety of Hong Kong residents. The resolution was adopted by the House on 19 April.


4、美国国会正在审议数项涉港消极法案,包括:2021年1月25日和2月8日,美共和党联邦众议员柯蒂斯和联邦参议员鲁比欧分别在众议院、参议院提出“香港安全港法案”,要求美政府给参与香港暴乱的“港独”分子提供难民身份;2021年3月18日,共和党联邦参议员鲁比欧提出所谓“谴责中国政府和中国共产党在香港实施镇压,包括拘捕民主派人士、一再违反《中英联合声明》和香港基本法的决议案”;2021年6月24日,共和党联邦参议员萨斯提出“香港民主国会金质奖章法案”,鼓噪向黎智英、罗伟光、张剑虹、周达权、陈沛敏、张志伟、杨清奇等香港《苹果日报》高管及该报所有工作人员颁发美国会金质奖章;2021年6月30日,民主党联邦众议员马利诺夫斯基提出“2021年香港人民自由与选择法案”,要求为反中乱港分子、违法犯罪人员提供庇护,为他们提供赴美便捷通道;2021年6月30日,共和党联邦众议员佩里提出“香港自由法案”,要求授权美总统承认香港特区是“独立国家”。
4. The U.S. Congress is considering several other ill-intentioned bills regarding Hong Kong:
On 25 January and 8 February 2021, Republican Representative John Curtis and Republican Senator Marco Rubio introduced the Hong Kong Safe Harbor Act in the House and the Senate respectively, requiring the U.S. government to designate refugee status to individuals espousing "Hong Kong independence" and participating in the riots in Hong Kong.
On 18 March 2021, Senator Rubio introduced a resolution condemning the so-called "crackdown by the Government of the People's Republic of China and the Chinese Communist Party in Hong Kong, including the arrests of pro-democracy activists and repeated violations of the obligations of that Government undertaken in the Sino-British Declaration of 1984 and the Hong Kong Basic Law".
On 24 June 2021, Republican Senator Ben Sasse introduced the Democracy in Hong Kong Congressional Gold Medal Act on conferring the Congressional Gold Medal to Jimmy Lai Chee-ying, Ryan Law Wai-kwong, Cheung Kim-hung, Royston Chow Tat-kuen, Chan Pui-man, Cheung Chi-wai, Yeung Ching-kee and all the executives and staff of Apple Daily, a newspaper in Hong Kong.
On 30 June 2021, Republican Representative Tom Malinowski introduced the Hong Kong People's Freedom and Choice Act of 2021, calling for providing protected status to those who oppose China and provoke instability as well as law breakers and offenders in Hong Kong and for enhancing protocols to facilitate their travels to the United States.
On 30 June 2021, Republican Representative Scott Perry introduced the Hong Kong Freedom Act, calling for authorizing the U.S. President to recognize the HKSAR as "a separate, independent country".

 

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