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G8 leaders discuss economic growth, fiscal restraint

[ 2010-06-28 13:21]     字号 [] [] []  
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G8 leaders discuss economic growth, fiscal restraint

President Barack Obama arrives at Pearson International Airport in Toronto, Canada, 25 Jun 2010, for the G8 and G20 Summit

On the first day of the G8 summit in Canada, President Barack Obama and other world leaders held initial discussions on ways to strengthen the global economy and build on commitments from past summits. Senior US administration officials point to what they call an emerging consensus on the issues of sustaining global economic growth, and fiscal responsibility.

Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper formally welcomed President Obama and other leaders to the resort north of Toronto, shaking hands with each before the G8 group went into a working lunch, and sessions later with leaders from African, Latin American and Caribbean nations invited to the summit.

The G8 includes the eight leading industrial democracies, the US, Canada, Britain, Germany, France, Italy, Japan and Russia, while the larger G20 includes such major emerging powers as China, India and Brazil.

In remarks before he departed Washington on Friday, Mr. Obama said he hopes nations will decide to build on progress by coordinating efforts for economic growth, to pursue economic reform, and strengthen the world economy.

"We need to act in concert for a simple reason. This crisis proved and events continue to affirm that our national economies are inextricably linked, and just as economic turmoil in one place can quickly spread to another, safeguards in each of our nations can help protect all nations," he said.

The president has been strengthened here by an agreement on Friday by House and Senate negotiators on a final version of legislation to reform the US financial system. Both chambers of Congress will have to approve that bill before the president can sign it.

Senior administration officials said G8 leaders congratulated the president on the development, noting the impact it could have in putting positive rules in to place to prevent another US financial crisis.

White House spokesman Robert Gibbs was asked earlier how this would impact president's efforts to steer the G8 and G20 summits toward outcomes he prefers. "I think it demonstrates to the world the steps that we have to continue to take globally in order to ensure that we don't find ourselves in a situation like we did two years ago," he said.

Many G8 leaders face demands in their countries for greater restraint in public spending and pressure to sharply reduce government budgets and deficits. Canada's Prime Minister Harper has called on G20 nations to cut their deficits in half by 2013.

Senior US Administration officials said the president stressed the need to maintain durable growth while stressing that this also involves fiscal consolidation and debt reduction in the medium term.

The officials pointed to confidence about a convergence of views on a broad approach by G20 nations, and said Friday's discussions were a first step on the way to a final outcome on Sunday when the G20 concludes.

President Obama and other G8 leaders also turned their attention Friday to the developing world, meeting with African leaders invited to the summit, and leaders from Haiti, Jamaica and Colombia.

Canada's prime minister said a new G8 initiative will aims to direct new resources to reducing maternal and infant mortality, adding that Canada would contribute $3 billion over the next five years. He said the world's wealthier nations must follow through on commitments.

Saying G8 credibility rests on a willingness to honor past commitments, the White House put out a statement on Friday listing areas in which the US has fulfilled pledges in areas such as aid to Africa, debt relief, and global health and HIV/AIDS prevention.

inextricably: if two things are inextricably linked, etc., it is impossible to separate them 不可分开地;密不可分地

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(来源:VOA 编辑:陈丹妮)