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Repo Men《重生男人》精讲之六

[ 2010-11-29 15:30]     字号 [] [] []  
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精彩对白:'Cause in the end, a job is not just a job. It's who you are. And if you want to change who you are, well, first, you have to change what you do.

警世故事 Cautionary tale

Repo Men《重生男人》精讲之六

A cautionary tale is a tale told in folklore, to warn its hearer of a danger. There are three essential parts to a cautionary tale, though they can be introduced in a large variety of ways. First, a taboo or prohibition is stated: some act, location, or thing is said to be dangerous. Then, the narrative itself is told: someone disregarded the warning and performed the forbidden act. Finally, the violator comes to an unpleasant fate, which is frequently related in large and grisly detail.

Cautionary tales are ubiquitous in popular culture; many urban legends are framed as cautionary tales: from the lover's lane haunted by a hook-handed murderer to the tale of a man who shot a cactus for fun only to die when the plant toppled onto him. Like horror fiction, generally the cautionary tale exhibits an ambivalent attitude towards social taboos. The narrator of a cautionary tale is momentarily excused from the ordinary demands of etiquette that discourages the use of gruesome or disgusting imagery because the tale serves to reinforce some other social taboo.

Those whose job it is to enforce conformity therefore frequently resort to cautionary tales. The German language anthology, Struwwelpeter, contains tales such as "Die gar traurige Geschichte mit dem Feuerzeug" (The Dreadful Story of Pauline and the Matches); it is fairly easy to deduce the ending from the title. Social guidance films such as Boys Beware or Reefer Madness are deliberately patterned after traditional cautionary tales, as were the notorious driver's education films of the 1960s, or military films about syphilis and other sexually transmitted diseases. The framework of the cautionary tale became a cliché in the slasher films of the 1980s, in which adolescents who had sex, drank alcoholic beverages, or smoked marijuana inevitably ended up as the victims of the serial killer villain.

On the other hand, in the adolescent culture of the United States, for more than a hundred years the traditional cautionary tale gave rise to the phenomenon of legend tripping, in which a cautionary tale is turned into the basis of a dare that invites the hearer to test the taboo by breaking it. (Source: Wikipedia)


1. 作为一名医生,詹姆斯必须了解医学的最新发展动态。

2. 多糟的一部电影!

3. 你应该抓取这个机会。

4. 我们随便找点东西填填肚子吧。

Repo Men《重生男人》精讲之五 参考答案

1. I know he will get back on his feet sooner or later.

2. Jeff, did you ever say Joe had a problem with his ticker?

3. That was a very childish remark.

4. She looked at me with her big, childlike eyes.

5. I decided to go cold turkey and never light up another cigarette.

精彩对白:'Cause in the end, a job is not just a job. It's who you are. And if you want to change who you are, well, first, you have to change what you do.




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