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雅思口语和写作的100个替换词

沪江英语 2016-11-23 17:20

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我们在阅读英语文章的时候会发现,同样的一个意思,文章中会用多个表达来替换着用,这样,文章读起来才不会觉得单调无味。

相同的道理,在我们参加口语和写作考试的时候,也要学着意思相近的词汇表达替换使用,这样也能显得语言丰富生动。

这里为大家献上雅思口语和写作中常用的100个替换词,拿走不谢!

雅思口语和写作的100个替换词

1. important = crucial (extremely important), significant (amount or effects large enough to be important)

2. common = universal, ubiquitous (if something is ubiquitous, it seems to be every where)

3. abundant = ample (enough and usually extra), plentiful (enough for people's needs and wants)

4. stick = adhere, cling (hold on something tightly)

5. neglect = ignore. (difference: neglect means someone has not paid enough attention to something; ignore means no attention.)

6. near = adjacent (two things next to each other), adjoin (the same as adjacent)

7. pursue = woo (man woos woman, old-fashioned), seek (if you seek sth, you try to obtain it. FORMAL)

8. accurate = precise (precise is exact and accurate in all details), exact (correct in every detail)

9. vague = obscure (unknown or known by only a few people)

10. top = peak, summit

11. competitor = rival, opponent (especially in sports and politics)

12. blame = condemn (if you condemn something, you say it is very bad and unacceptable)

13. opinion = perspective, standpoint (means looking at an event or situation in a particular way)

14. fame = prestige (describe those who are admired), reputation

15. build = erect (you can erect something as buildings, FORMAL), establish

16. insult = humiliate (do something or say something which makes people feel ashamed or stupid)

17. complain = grumble (complain something in a bad-tempered way)

18. primary = radical (very important and great in degree), fundamental

19. relieve = alleviate (alleviate means you make pain or sufferings less intense or severe)

20. force = coerce into (coerce means you make someone do something she/he does not want to), compel

21. enlarge = magnify (magnify means make something larger than it really is)

22. complex = intricate (if something is intricate, it often has many small parts and details)

23. Lonely = solitary (if someone is solitary, there is no one near him/her)

24. small = minuscule (very small), minute,

25. praise = extol (stronger than praise), compliment(polite and political)

26. hard-working = assiduous (someone who is assiduous works hard or does things very thoroughly)

27. difficult = arduous (if something is arduous, it is difficult and tiring, and involves a lot of efforts)

28. poor (soil) = barren, infertile (used to describe the soil is so poor that plants cannot be planted on it)

29. fragile = brittle, vulnerable (someone who is vulnerable is easily hurt emotionally or physically)

30. show = demonstrate (to demonstrate a fact means to make it clear to people.)

31. big = massive (large in size, quantity, or extent), colossal (use this word, you emphasize something’s large), tremendous (informal)

32. avoid = shun (if someone shuns something, she/he deliberately avoid that something or keep away from it.)

33. fair = impartial (someone who is impartial is able to give a fair opinion or decision on something.)

34. attack = assault (physically attack someone), assail (attack violently)

35. dislike = abhor (abhor means you hate something to a extreme extent for moral reasons), loathe (dislike very much)

36. ruin = devastate (it means damage something very badly, or utterly destroy it.)

37. always = invariably (the same as always, but better than always)

38. forever = perpetual (a perpetual state never changes), immutable (something immutable will never change or be changed)

39. surprise = startle (it means surprise you slightly), astound (surprise you to a large degree), astonish(the same as astound)

40. enthusiasm = zeal (a great enthusiasm), fervency (sincere and enthusiasm)

41. quiet = tranquil (calm and peaceful), serene (calm and quiet)

42. expensive = exorbitant (it means too expensive that it should be)

43. luxurious = lavish (impressive and very expensive), sumptuous (grand and very expensive)

44. boring = tedious (if you describe something tedious, you mean it is boring and frustrating)

45. respect = esteem (if you esteem someone, you respect and admire him/her. FORMAL)

46. worry = fret (if you fret about something, you worry about it)

47. cold = chilly (unpleasantly cold), icy (extremely cold)

48. hot = boiling (very hot)

49. dangerous = perilous (very dangerous, hazardous) (dangerous, especially to people's safety and health)

50. only = unique (the only one of its kind), distinctive;

51. stop = cease (if something ceases, it stops happening or existing)

52. part = component (the components of something are the parts that it is made of)

53. result = consequence (the results or effects of something)

54. obvious = apparent, manifest

55. based on = derived from (can see or notice them very easily)

56. quite = fairly

57. pathetic = lamentable (very uncomfortable and disappointing)

58. field = domain (a particular field of thought, activities or interest)

59. appear = emerge (come into existence)

60. whole = entire (the whole of something)

61. wet = moist (slightly wet), damp (slightly wet), humid (very damp and hot)

62. wrong = erroneous (incorrect or partly correct)

63. difficult = formidable

64. change = convert (change into another form)

65. typical = quintessential (this word means represent a typical example of something)

66. careful = cautious (very careful in order to avoid danger), prudent(careful and sensible)

67. ability = capacity, capability (the same as ability)

68. strange = eccentric (if some one is eccentric, she/he behaves in a strange way, or his/her opinion is different from most people)

69. rich= affluent (if you are affluent, you have a lot of money)

70. use = utilize (the same as use)

71. dubious = skeptical (if you are skeptical about something, you have doubts on it.)

72. satisfy = gratify (if you are gratified by something, it gives you pleasure and satisfaction)

73. short = fleeting, ephemeral (if something is ephemeral, it lasts a short time)

74. Scholarship = fellowship

75. smelly = malodorous (used to describe an unpleasant smell)

76. ugly = hideous (if something is hideous, it is very ugly or unattractive)

77. attractive = appealing (pleasing and attractive), absorbing (something absorbing can attract you a great deal)

78. diverse = miscellaneous (a miscellaneous groups consists of many different kinds of things)

79. disorder = disarray, chaos

80. crazily = frantically (used to describe someone who behaves in a wild and uncontrolled way)

81. rapid = meteoric (ATTENTION: meteoric is only used to describe someone achieves success quickly)

82. ordinary = mundane (very ordinary and not at interesting or unusual)

83. despite = notwithstanding (FORMAL)

84. best = optimal (used to describe the best level something can achieve)

85. sharp = acute (severe and intense)

86. unbelievable = inconceivable (if you deem something inconceivable, you think it very unlike to happen )

87. puzzle = perplex (something perplex someone means it confuses and worries him/her because he/she does not understand it)

88. method = avenue (a way of getting something done)

89. famous = distinguished (used to describe people who are successful in their career)

90. ancient = archaic (extremely old and extremely old-fashioned)

91. decorate = embellish (embellish means make something look more attractive via decorating it with something else)

92. possible = feasible (if something is feasible, it can be done, made or achieved)

93. so = consequently, accordingly

94. rare = infrequent (doesn’t happen often)

95. greedy = rapacious (greedy and selfish)

96. individuals,characters, folks = people,persons

97. nowadays = currently

98. dreadful, unfavorable, poor, adverse, ill = be less impressive

99. reap huge fruits = get many benefits

100. for my part, from my own perspective = in my opinion

(来源:沪江英语,编辑:Helen)

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