English 中文网 漫画网 爱新闻iNews 翻译论坛
当前位置: Language Tips > 双语新闻

Fear of Japan's nuclear crisis far exceeds actual risks, say scientists

[ 2011-03-21 08:42]     字号 [] [] []  
免费订阅30天China Daily双语新闻手机报:移动用户编辑短信CD至106580009009


A military helicopter scoops water off the Japanese coast to dump on the stricken Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant.

Fukushima is not Chernobyl, scientists repeat, and even Chernobyl was not as deadly as popularly believed.

Dire warnings of radiation spreading from Japan's embattled Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant to deadly effect across Japan, or even to California, are likely overblown, they say.

Radiation is all around us, varying with the number of miles we fly, the elevation of our towns, and the minerals in our environments, scientists point out. We live with it, and most of the time it is harmless.

“There is an increased level of anxiety disproportionate to the actual risk,” says Jerrold Bushberg, who directs programs in health physics at the University of California at Davis. “It’s the dose that makes the poison. It’s not a binary thing.”

Fear and hype surround radiation, which has become something of a bogeyman in part because of popular culture. A radioactive spider bit Peter Parker and turned him into Spiderman. Bruce Banner absorbed radiation in a bomb explosion and became The Incredible Hulk. Radiation from nuclear detonations morphed a small lizard into Godzilla.

“It gives you subliminal messages about the capacity of radiation to do harm,” Professor Bushberg says in a telephone interview.

A buy-up of potassium iodide tablets, which some say guard against some effects of radiation exposure, is “premature” in America, he says, and concerns over contaminated Japanese exports are also alarmist.

“That’s crazy, absolutely crazy,” agrees Shan Nair, a former nuclear physicist who was one of two UK experts assisting the European Commission in the post-accident Chernobyl response. “It’s important to have a sense of proportion here.”

And even then, Chernobyl was a very different incident from what is now unfolding at Fukushima Daiichi. Chernobyl’s reactor lacked a containment facility, unlike the Fukushima plant, whose GE-made containment vessels have withstood both an earthquake, tsunami, and thus far, a partial meltdown.

When it comes to nuclear power, says Bushberg of the University of California, "there is a lot of misinformation."

(Read by Lee Hannon. Lee Hannon is a journalist at the China Daily Website.)














核危机蔓延东京 大都市或变“鬼城”

日本核危机升级 全球关注核电安全


核辐射谣言传遍亚洲 引发恐慌

日本核危机升级 邻国碘片热销


明星为日本祈福 LadyGaga设计腕带义卖

(中国日报网英语点津 陈丹妮 编辑:冯明惠)


embattled: surrounded by problems and difficulties(被困扰的;处境艰难的;危机四伏的)

overblown: that is made to seem larger, more impressive or more important than it really is exaggerated(过分的;夸张的)

binary: consisting of two parts(二元的;由两部份组成的)

hype: exaggeration about something in order to get a lot of public attention(炒作)

bogeyman: an imaginary evil spirit that is used to frighten children (用以吓唬小孩的)鬼怪

radioactive: emitting or relating to the emission of ionizing radiation or particles(放射性的;和辐射相关的)

hulk: a very large object, especially one that causes you to feel nervous or afraid (尤指令人紧张或害怕的)庞然大物

detonation: an explosion; the action of making something explode(爆炸;起爆;引爆)

morph: change or cause to change smoothly from one image to another by small gradual steps(演变,变体)

subliminal: affecting your mind even though you are not aware of it(下意识的;潜意识的)

buy-up: 全部(或尽量)买下某物;收购

potassium iodide tablet: 碘化钾药片

alarmist: causing unnecessary fear and anxiety(危言耸听的;骇人的)

meltdown: a serious accident in which the central part of a nuclear reactor melts, causing harmful radiation to escape 核反应堆核心熔毁(导致核辐射泄漏)